BISEK GARDENS

Sorghum/ Broomcorn

All SORGHUMS can be used as “screens” or dividers between corn varieties of different maturities. They are tall and cut down the cross pollination between corns- including sweet corns. The tall stalks of the sorghums make nice cover for wildlife or “blinds” or camouflage for hunters. Mazes can be planted with sorghums instead of corn for an unusual fall money raising event!
RED BROOM CORN SEED (18- 21,000 seeds/lb.)

The Red Broom Corn seed is a mixture of all the red shades that we have tested. Varieties include Hungarian Red, Apache Red, Iowa Red, Tennessee Red, and many of the Hadley Reds.  Most mature in 100-110 days.  Red seems to be the most popular color in our Mixed Colors blend, so we decided to market this color group separately. The red seed heads can be used for broom making or in decorations- wreaths, swags, dried arrangements, and bird feeders. The entire seed head can be utilized or small portions of the seed head can be cut and grouped together  and used as “fillers” in centerpieces.  The seed heads are especially pretty in Christmas florals. The red seed heads can be added to fresh flowers, also!








MIXED COLORS BROOM CORN SEED (20- 24,000 seeds/lb.)

There are many varieties of broom corn. Each variety will bear different  seed heads with varying colors of seeds. This Mixed Colors Broom Corn seed is, as the name implies, a mixture of many different broom corn varieties. The colors that predominate in this mixture include gold, bronze, brown, black, burgundy, red, white/cream, “natural”, and all shades of these colors.  The seed heads form at the top of the plant (instead of a tassel) and vary in length from 24-36 inches long. Some of the seed stock varieties included in this mixture: Apache Red, Japanese Dwarf, Black Seeded, Texas Black Amber, Tennessee Red, Nicaraguan Broom, Keply #1 & #2, , Ramirez South Chile Line, Iowa Red, Is-3226, Hadley Kidd, Moyer Sonnen, Sattie Museum, Moyer Jensen Gold, African Sweet Sorghum, White Popping Sorghum, Hungarian Red, Hungarian Black, and many special Hadley varieties. Most have maturities of 100-110 days, but the broom corn heads can be harvested for brooms or ornamental uses anytime after the seed head develops. Harvesting and drying the seed heads at various stages of development results in varied appearances  in the color of the seed.  As the plant matures, the seed heads will deepen in color and the seeds will become heavier and shiny. The seed heads can be cut during any stage of development and added as accents to fresh flowers. They are especially pretty with the autumn flowers, but can be used in any fresh flower bouquet!


DEER BROOM CORN SEED (20- 24,000 seeds/lb.)

Regular or deer broom corn is the type most commonly used for broom making. The seed heads contain straw-like fibers to which the seeds are attached.  After cutting and drying these seed heads, the seeds are combed out and these straw fibers are bundled and tied together to form a broom. This broom corn is the source of our natural “straw brooms”. These seeds are a light gold or natural color as are the straw fibers. The seed heads are 24-36 inches in length. 


COLORED UPRIGHTS SORGHUM SEED (20- 24,000 seeds/lb.)

The colored upright sorghums are very similar in color to the seed heads in our Mixed Colors Broom Corn seed blend (remember broom corns are sorghums, too!). Whats the difference? The Mixed Colors Broom Corn plants have long seed heads - many 24-36 inches long. The seed heads contain many long straw “broom” fibers. The Colored Uprights generally have more compact seed heads - they are shorter with less broom fiber. The seed colors are much the same as in our Mixed Colors with reds, browns, golds, blacks, burgundies- and all shades in between. The colors are very intense and vibrant. This exciting new sorghum variety will be another useful ingredient for the floral industry. The smaller more compact seed heads can be used in their entirety in dried arrangements and floral bouquets. The seeds in these upright seed heads seem to “shatter” or fall out less frequently than in the mature Mixed Colors Broom seed heads. These seed heads can be used in with fresh flowers!


BLACK AMBER SORGHUM SEED (18,000 seeds/lb.)

The heritage name of this variety of sorghum is “TEXAS BLACK AMBER MOLASSES”. It is a gorgeous variety of sorghum with rich, shiny black coated seeds in the seed head. The seed head is more compact that most Mixed Colors varieties- more like those in our new Colored Upright Sorghums. Most are 8-12 inches in length. The seed head is looser than the seed head of Black Kafir (described later),  and doesn’t contain nearly as many “straw fibers” as the Mixed Colors Broom Corns. The seeds themselves are amber colored , hence the name “Black Amber” Broom Corn.  The shiny black hulls cover the amber seeds. In the threshing process, almost all the seeds retain the shiny black seed coat.  This heirloom variety comes from Waco, Texas and our seed source indicates the plant is used for silage and the stalks are used for making molasses. The plant grows 8-12 feet in height and maturity seems be about 105-110 days. The seed heads can be harvested anytime after developing, but they are the prettier when the black seeds develop and mature. Again this is another great sorghum for ornamental crafts and centerpieces.


  
WHITE POPPING SORGHUM SEED (16- 20,000 seeds/lb.)

                                                                                                              
This variety of sorghum can be popped like popcorn! The tiny seeds when popped are very white and smaller- but crunchy. They really have a great nutty flavor. White Popping Sorghum should be planted in warm soils after any danger of frost. The small cream colored  round seeds should be planted at a depth of about 1/2 inch. Germination takes ten days or longer depending on growing conditions.  The seedlings may need to be thinned so plants are spaced 6-8  inches apart. The plant will form many small “suckers” . These small suckers will likely produce a seed head, too.  The  sorghum plants will grow to heights of 8-10 feet or taller. The seed head is somewhat compact with fewer fibers than most broom corns, but looser than the Black Seeded or Black Kafir sorghums. Maturity varies from 100-110 days, but seed heads can be harvested at any stage of development.  Typical seed heads are about 10-12 inches long. Again it has multi uses- it can be popped or used in floral arrangements (dried or fresh flower).

 

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